His words also give testimony to the fact that the ancient world of which Lehi and Nephi were proposed to be a part of in the pages of the Book of Mormon was a very real world. Thus, John Welch has provided a plausible cultural background and answer as to why there were no "Samites." Why were Laman, Lemuel, and the sons of Ishmael angry with Nephi? Petition 4:31-33 54:5, 5. Another significant location to both Arab and Jew is found in Hebron. 5 Wherefore, Joseph truly asaw our day. 1 Nephi 11:16-25). (2 Nephi 4:1-2). . . In his editing for the 1837 edition, Joseph Smith removed at least 47 of these apparently extraneous uses of this well-worked phrase. Second, he blessed his firstborn's children to the effect that their sins and cursings would be answered upon the heads of their parents (2 Nephi 4:5-9). (Matthew Nickerson, "Nephi's Psalm: 2 Nephi 4:16-35 in the light of Form-Critical Analysis," Journal of Book of Mormon Studies, vol. Lord’s house established/Zion founded. Richardson, Richardson and Bentley note that Nephi's Psalm, as recorded in 2 Nephi 4:16-35, provides an example of a Hebrew literary pattern called the individual lament and thus provides evidence of the Hebrew roots of the Book of Mormon prophets. 2 Nephi 3:1–4:12. . In the Book of Mormon two great aspects of God's character are described as. About 588-570 B.C. The basic characteristics of the parallelism of the "Psalm of Nephi" can easily be seen in what may well serve as the first of four stanzas of the psalm: Behold, my soul delighteth in the things of the Lord: and. This was accomplished by a formal public "acknowledgement" of that son by his father (Deuteronomy 21:17), usually in the form of an oral blessing (EJ 6:1306-11). Read 2 Nephi 4:8-14. 3, No. 77:15; 1Â Ne. What Offering Will the Sons of Levi Make in Righteousness? But by the same token, because all men sin and come short of the glory of God (see Romans 3:23), justice would require that all of us be banned from the presence of God forever because no unclean thing can dwell in his presence (see Moses 6:57). Moroni 4:3, 5:2 The Sacrament Prayers; How Did Elijah Turn the Hearts of Fathers and Children Toward Each Other? 14:2. By reading these words as they were intended to be read (in a chiastic manner) the reader is able to come to a most profound understanding of the meaning of the text and the richest appreciation of its significance. It was not required that the son come all the way back. 17 And the Lord hath said: I will raise up a Moses; and I will give power unto him in a rod; and I will give judgment unto him in writing. The detail of the knowledge had by the ancient Joseph is remarkable. 80, 88-89] [See the commentary on 1 Nephi 11:16]. . Nephi has told us that his “soul delighteth in the scriptures” and that he “pondereth continually upon the things which [he has] seen and heard” (2 Nephi 4… Perhaps we find pieces of it in the blessings to Jacob and Joseph (as well as the others), where the historical parallels could be better illustrated. 15:14; 2Â Ne. TGÂ Vineyard of the Lord. 2 Nephi 1:1 — Lehi Gathers His Posterity to Teach and Bless Them. 130-131], Note* It should be remembered that some of Joseph's prophecies were restored to the Bible when Joseph Smith translated or revised it (see JST, Genesis 50:24-36). Genesis 27:30--and it came to pass as soon as Isaac had made an end of blessing Jacob and [it came to pass that] Jacob was yet scarce gone out from the presence of Isaac his father that Esau his brother came in from his hunting. Scripture: 4 Nephi 1:19-49; Quote: “Unity is not achieved by ignoring and isolating members who seem to be different or weaker and only associating with people who are like us. (See Norman's commentary on Lehi's dream and the Stela 5 "Tree of Life Stone" at Izapa--1 Nephi 8; 11; 18:23.) Note* It should be remembered that some of Joseph's prophecies were restored to the Bible when Joseph Smith translated or revised it (see JST, Genesis 50:24-36). Nephi's psalm (2 Nephi 4:16-35) employs some of the features characteristic of his Hebrew literary heritage. What Is the Meaning of the Title "Lord of Hosts?" Further, we are aware that Joseph of Egypt was the author of a scriptural record which will some day be restored to those of the house of faith (see. [Alan C. Miner, Personal Notes]. In the classic story of the prodigal son is a reference after the young man came to himself and realized the foolishness of what he had done. As Jacob in the patriarchal period had effectively doubled the blessing of Joseph by granting equal blessings to Joseph's two sons Ephraim and Manasseh (Genesis 48:22), so Lehi effectively doubled Nephi's position by granting a share of the land to Sam and then merging it with Nephi's. Joseph Smith said that he received some papyri scrolls that contained the record of Abraham and Joseph at the same time he obtained the Egyptian mummies from Michael Chandler. ", 2 Nephi 11:4 "my soul delighteth in proving unto my people the truth of the coming of Christ . Logical, formal, or conceptual units are set parallel to one another rather than acoustic properties as in the case with rhythm, rhyme, alliteration, and assonance. 2 Ne 3:5 Joseph truly saw our day 1 And now I speak unto you, Joseph, my alast-born. Fortunately God is also a perfectly merciful being and has devised a plan of redemption whereby justice can be paid through the suffering of the Savior and we can be redeemed and brought back into his presence (see 2 Nephi 2:5-7). Related to that is the idea of the condescension of God's mercy in our repentance. 2 Nephi 10:3 “Wherefore, as I said unto you, it must needs be expedient that Christ —for in the last night the angel spake unto me that this should be his name —should come among the Jews, among those who are the more wicked part of the world; and they shall crucify him—for thus it behooveth our God, and there is none other nation on earth that would crucify their God.” [emp. Gen. 45:7 (5â7); 49:22 (22â26); 1Â Ne. The "path of the low valley" is the easiest path to take and the surest, not having to run up and down any hills or anything like that. 2, Fall 1994 Fall, pp. Third, Lehi referred to Jacob three times as his "firstborn . I Nephi Speak Concerning the Prophecies of . The Tomb of the Patriarchs is built over the traditional burial spot of their common ancestor Father Abraham, venerated patriarch of both nations. That They Might Have Joy - 2 Nephi 2:25 "Ask in Faith" - Enos 1:15; 1 Nephi 1:1 Highly Favored of the Lord 2 Nephi 4:26 The Lord in His Condescension unto the Children of Men Hath Visited Men in So Much Mercy: Gerald Lund notes that after Lehi recounted to his family his marvelous vision in which he had seen the tree of life, Nephi reported that he was "desirous also that [he] might see, and hear, and know of these things, by the power of the Holy Ghost" (1 Nephi 10:17; emphasis added). in the wilderness" (2 Nephi 2:1,2,11), and singled him out to spend his life "in the service of thy God" (2 Nephi 2:3)--a role often associated with the position of a firstborn son. To whatever extent Lehi acknowledged Laman's right to the double portion of the firstborn, he simultaneously did three things that appear to have been calculated to detract from Laman's firstborn double portion rights. . The phrase "my soul delighteth in" is an interesting one. As an illustration, Joseph Smith, in blessing Oliver Cowdery, said that Oliver would be blessed "according to the blessings of the prophecy of Joseph in ancient days, which he said should come upon the seer of the last days and the scribe that should sit with him, and that should be ordained with him, by the hands of the angel in the bush, unto the lesser priesthood, and after [he should] receive the holy priesthood under the hands of those who had been held in reserve for a long season, even those who received it under the hands of the Messiah while he should dwell in the flesh upon the earth, and should receive the blessings with him, even the seer of the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, saith he, even Joseph of old." 992.) Now the King James phrase "and it came to pass" corresponds to a Hebrew word meaning "and it happened." About 588â570Â B.C. However, there may be some value in pointing out the context in which Jacob placed his words. (. The father was watching and went out to meet him while he was yet a long way off. Moreover, Nephi uses it eleven times at various locations within his writings. Typically, upon the death of the father, the eldest son of the father's first wife was entitled to occupy the father's house and estate, and legal provisions were established in the early law codes to prevent the father from wrongfully favoring younger sons or the sons of wives with lesser status (Falk 165-70). 24 And there shall rise up aone mighty among them, who shall do much good, both in word and in deed, being an instrument in the hands of God, with exceeding faith, to work mighty wonders, and do that thing which is great in the sight of God, unto the bringing to pass much brestoration unto the house of Israel, and unto the seed of thy brethren. . 2, Fall 1994 Fall, pp. . ), Thus we see that Joseph of Egypt knew not only of Joseph Smith and his role as the great prophet of the Restoration but also of Oliver Cowdery's role as Joseph's scribe to bring forth the Book of Mormon, and that Oliver would be Joseph's companion when the Aaronic and the Melchizedek priesthoods were restored. 11 But a aseer will I raise up out of the fruit of thy loins; and unto him will I give bpower to cbring forth my word unto the seed of thy loinsâand not to the bringing forth my word only, saith the Lord, but to the convincing them of my word, which shall have already gone forth among them. . In most cases, there were two or more examples of "it came to pass" in close proximity; in some cases, nothing new had "come to pass." "And he arose, and came to his father. in the wilderness" (2 Nephi 2:1,2,11), and singled him out to spend his life "in the service of thy God" (2 Nephi 2:3)--a role often associated with the position of a firstborn son. 35-38]. 34-36] [See the commentary on Alma 33:3-11], Chart comparing the Psalm of Nephi with the Prayer of Zenos. 2 Nephi 4:1 I Nephi Speak Concerning the Prophecies of . It is also crucial to the "stick of Joseph" doctrine found in Ezekiel 37:16. In this prophecy, quoted in part by Lehi to his son Joseph in 2 Nephi 3, we learn that he knew of the destiny of Joseph Smith. 7 Yea, Joseph truly said: Thus saith the Lord unto me: A choice aseer will I braise up out of the fruit of thy loins; and he shall be esteemed highly among the fruit of thy loins. For him to then extend mercy and love and grace to us, in spite of what we have done, is another great act of condescension. 8 And I will give unto him a commandment that he shall do anone other work, save the work which I shall command him. Remember the words of thy dying father. Concerning this record, Joseph Smith has written: "The record of Abraham and Joseph, found with the mummies, is beautifully written on papyrus, with black, and a small part red, ink or paint, in perfect preservation." From shop LovePrayTeach. 3:22; 4:2 (1â32). . 2 Nephi 3. 2, pp. 19 And the words which he shall write shall be the words which are expedient in my wisdom should go forth unto the afruit of thy loins. The accounts in Genesis are remarkable in that younger sons are frequently preferred over their elder brothers (see the stories of Abel, Seth, Jacob, Ephraim, David and Solomon), and in that fathers sometimes separated the privileges of property inheritance from those of political and priestly rights (somewhat as Lehi also does in giving priestly duties to Jacob). In order for that glorious … 21:11 (8â11); Morm. [Alan C. Miner, Personal Notes]. (2 Nephi 28-35). Moriah located in what is now the Holy City of Jerusalem. . Sunday. 9:30; Moro. 12 Wherefore, the fruit of thy loins shall awrite; and the fruit of the loins of bJudah shall cwrite; and that which shall be written by the fruit of thy loins, and also that which shall be written by the fruit of the loins of Judah, shall grow together, unto the dconfounding of efalse doctrines and laying down of contentions, and establishing fpeace among the fruit of thy loins, and gbringing them to the hknowledge of their fathers in the latter days, and also to the knowledge of my covenants, saith the Lord. [Hugh W. Nibley, Teachings of the Book of Mormon, p. 251], John Tvedtnes notes that Joseph Smith is said to have indicated that the name Ahman was the title of God the Father (see 2 Nephi 4:35), while Jesus is called "Son Ahman." 5 out of 5 stars (601) 601 reviews $ 3.25. Evidently the record of Joseph was translated by the Prophet, but perhaps the reason it was not published was because the great prophecies therein were "too great" for the people of this day. This could not have been flattering to Laman. Other Book of Mormon examples of multiple occurrences of "it came to pass" which were edited by Joseph Smith in 1837 are found in Alma 8:18-19 and Alma 14:4-5. This power "did not pass automatically, but had to be conferred by the father in a special blessing" (Falk 165). He saw his earthly ministry and its culmination in the death of the Savior (see 1 Nephi 11:26-32). This was accomplished by a formal public "acknowledgement" of that son by his father (Deuteronomy 21:17), usually in the form of an oral blessing (, Third, Lehi referred to Jacob three times as his "firstborn . 29:4; 2Â Ne. . Mercy is an attribute whose very nature requires condescension, because nothing that man could do merits that mercy. Concerning the rights of primogeniture and leadership, Lehi said to Laman, Lemuel, Sam and the sons of Ishmael, "If ye will hearken unto the voice of Nephi . . . . . 2 Nephi 4. 23 Wherefore, because of this covenant thou art ablessed; for thy seed shall not be destroyed, for they shall bhearken unto the words of the book. Nephi seeks help in dealing with " [his] enemies." as soon as Isaac had made an end of blessing Jacob and [. ] Gen. 39:2; 45:4; 49:22 (22â26); Ps. . And I will make him great in mine eyes; for he shall do my work. Invocation 4:16-17 54:1-2, 2. 115] [See the commentary on Alma 32:21]. J. D. Douglas, 2nd ed., Wheaton, Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers, 1982, p. In what is often called the psalm of Nephi, he said: "O then, if I have seen so great things, if the Lord in his condescension unto the children of men hath visited men in so much mercy, why should my heart weep and my soul linger in the valley of sorrow, and my flesh waste away, and my strength slacken, because of mine afflictions?" All rights reserved. '," in Doctrines of the Book of Mormon: The 1991 Sperry Symposium, pp. The tribal structure of early Israelite society required that a leader be chosen to take the father's place as both the secular and spiritual leader of the clan. [Sidney Sperry, Book of Mormon Compendium, p. 152]. '," in, Doctrines of the Book of Mormon: The 1991 Sperry Symposium, , pp. (Matthew Nickerson, "Nephi's Psalm: 2 Nephi 4:16-35 in the light of Form-Critical Analysis,". Such a profound statement in three simple words. Isa. Old Testament prayers end simply with the word Amen (= confirmed, true), and hence in the name (title) of Jesus Christ. 10:2 (2, 4); Moses 2:1. ", 2 Nephi 25:13 "my soul delighteth to prophesy concerning [Christ]", 2 Nephi 31:3 "my soul delighteth in plainness; for after this manner doth the Lord God work among the, [Alan C. Miner, Personal Notes] [See the commentary on 2 Nephi 4:15]. Zenos explains God's mercy in terms of the Son and recognizes that it is "because of [God's] Son" that "[God has] turned [his] judgments away from [him]" (Alma 33:11), Nephi ends by saying: "My soul will rejoice in thee, my God, and the rock of my salvation" (2 Nephi 4:30), Zenos ends by saying: "In thee is my joy" (Alma 33:11), [Noel B. Reynolds, "Nephite Uses and Interpretations of Zenos," in The Allegory of the Olive Tree, pp. . . [Daniel H. Ludlow, A Companion to Your Study of the Book of Mormon, pp. . 2 And may the Lord consecrate also unto thee this aland, which is a most precious land, for thine inheritance and the inheritance of thy seed with thy brethren, for thy security forever, if it so be that ye shall keep the commandments of the Holy One of Israel. Nephi asks himself why he should be depressed or feel such sorrow when "the Lord in his condescension unto the children of men hath visited men in so much mercy" (2 Nephi 4:26; cf. For example, in the original text a good many occurrences of the phrase "and it came to pass" are found in inappropriate contexts. As time progressed, the laws in Israel changed, particularly to clarify and protect the property rights of the firstborn son. These steps diminished the uniqueness and importance of Laman as the eldest son. Nephi’s explanation of … Continue reading 2 Nephi 31: 3 → [John W. Welch, "The Psalm of Nephi as a Post-Lehi Document," in Pressing Forward with the Book of Mormon, F.A.R.M.S., 1999, p. 72]. 20 And they shall acry from the bdust; yea, even repentance unto their brethren, even after many generations have gone by them. . Fundamental 3: “Salvation is free” (2 Nephi 2:4). As Nephi obeyed the angel and looked, he saw the Redeemer of the world. However, the translation of the book of Joseph has not yet been published. For the Lord God giveth light unto the understanding; for he speaketh unto men according to their language, unto their understanding.” This raises an interesting side issue. Zenos also seeks help in dealing with "[his] enemies." 2 Nephi 33: 4: “And I know that the Lord God will consecrate my prayers for the gain of my people. [John Tvedtnes, "Faith and Truth," in, , Vol. Mask then makes an interesting query: "How would a people from Jerusalem (and now in the New World) with their Near Eastern Semitic customs, feel about Lehi's death? 4 For the Lord God hath said that: a Inasmuch as ye shall keep my commandments ye shall … [Clate Mask, "And They Called the Place Bountiful," pp. What is important here is to realize that the original text of the Book of Mormon apparently contains expressions that are not characteristic of English at any place or time, in particular neither Joseph Smith's upstate New York dialect nor the King James Bible. . For behold, he truly prophesied concerning all his seed. 30:5; 3Â Ne. of these things, by the power of the Holy Ghost" (1 Nephi 10:17; emphasis added). Nephi ends his psalm with a prayer of approximately the same length and in a style similar to Zenos's prayer text. And great were the ccovenants of the Lord which he made unto Joseph. [Daniel H. Ludlow, A Companion to Your Study of the Book of Mormon. . Thou wast born in the wilderness of mine afflictions; yea, in the days of my greatest sorrow did thy mother bear thee. Joseph, Who Was Carried into Egypt: concerning the prophecies of which my father hath spoken, concerning Joseph, who was carried into Egypt. The record of Abraham translated by the Prophet was subsequently printed, and it is now known as the book of Abraham in the Pearl of Great Price. Old Testament prayers end simply with the word, (= confirmed, true), and hence in the name (title) of Jesus Christ. The father was watching and went out to meet him while he was yet a long way off. 2, 5], Note* What Mask seems to be alluding to here is the idea that in Mesoamerica, when rival civilizations took over the territory and temple sites of their competitors, they defaced and destroyed many of their temple monuments. 21:8; 3Â Ne. We anticipate that the prophecies of Joseph contained therein will have much to say about the roles of Ephraim and Manasseh in the gathering of Israel in the last days. Lehi “speaks”—to Joseph/all his household. as it differs from the context of his coming into this mortal world and the various ways in which he condescended during his mortal ministry. Upon These [Small Plates] I Write . (, , 2:348) The Prophet next describes how the mummies and the record came into his possession and then concludes: "Thus I have given a brief history of the manner in which the writings of the fathers, Abraham and Joseph, have been preserved, and how I came in possession of the same--a correct translation of which I shall give in its proper place." The 2,049 sq. 4 For behold, thou art the fruit of my loins; and I am a descendant of aJoseph who was carried bcaptive into Egypt. Joseph, Who Was Carried into Egypt: According to Daniel Ludlow, some of the writings of Joseph are still in existence but have not been published to the world in our present Bible. Verses 3 and 4 read in part: 3 For I have exhorted you with all diligence; and I have taught you … Joseph in Egypt saw the Nephites in vision—He prophesied of Joseph Smith, the latter-day seer; of Moses, who would deliver Israel; and of the coming forth of the Book of Mormon. But by the same token, because all men sin and come short of the glory of God (see Romans 3:23), justice would require that all of us be banned from the presence of God forever because no unclean thing can dwell in his presence (see Moses 6:57). Nevertheless, notwithstanding the great goodness of the Lord, in showing me his great and marvelous work. From the text restored by Joseph Smith to the book of Genesis we learn that Joseph enjoyed the personal presence of the Lord Jehovah, who covenanted with him relative to his posterity by way of an immutable oath (see JST, Genesis 50:24,34,36). . Consider this context of the word condescension as it differs from the context of his coming into this mortal world and the various ways in which he condescended during his mortal ministry. 2 Nephi Chapter 3. 1 And now I speak unto you, Joseph, my a last-born. It Came to Pass That: when my father had made an end of speaking unto them behold [. ] One would also do well to compare the feelings of inadequacy of the Savior upon the withdrawal of the Spirit of His Father. (Joseph Fielding Smith, "Restoration of the Melchizedek Priesthood,", Thus we see that Joseph of Egypt knew not only of Joseph Smith and his role as the great prophet of the Restoration but also of Oliver Cowdery's role as Joseph's scribe to bring forth the Book of Mormon, and that Oliver would be Joseph's companion when the Aaronic and the Melchizedek priesthoods were restored. . Read 2 Nephi 4:15-25. 3. In other words, once we have sinned, we have put ourselves beyond the holy nature of God. As in other instances of Hebrew poetic forms in the Book of Mormon, understanding and appreciating the psalm, more particularly the personal lament, can offer new insights into 2 Nephi 4:16–35 and make its message of hope and trust more powerful and personal. In that community, more than property was at stake. Copyright © 2020 Alan C. Miner. Nephi's psalm (2 Nephi 4:16-35) employs some of the features characteristic of his Hebrew literary heritage. Are there "many" non-obvious scriptures? The reader is referred to Volume 6, Appendix C for a listing. [John W. Welch, "Lehi's Last Will and Testament: A Legal Approach," in, The Book of Mormon: Second Nephi, the Doctrinal Structure. It Came to Pass That: Royal Skousen reports that the original text of the Book of Mormon contains expressions which seem inappropriate or improper in some of their uses. The "path of the low valley" is the easiest path to take and the surest, not having to run up and down any hills or anything like that. At the end of the first Psalm it says, "The way of the wicked shall be lost in the sand." Lehi's descent through Joseph is crucial to understanding the prophecies of Joseph regarding the family of Lehi. The Lord answered Zenos's prayer by turning his enemies to him (Alma 33:4). [Church Educational System, Book of Mormon Student Manual: Religion 121 and 122. 2 Nephi 4:15 introduces the Psalm of Nephi and gives keys to several themes. Nephi's words have universal import, but they become even more poignant and vivid if we recognize that this psalm was written while Nephi was feeling painfully vulnerable after losing his father. [Royal Skousen, "The Original Language of the Book of Mormon: Upstate New York Dialect, King James English, or Hebrew?," in Journal of Book of Mormon Studies, Spring 1994, F.A.R.M.S., pp. Occurs in the writings of Nephi Thomas, `` 'Knowest thou the of. The idea of the Book for printing Alma 32:21 ] the words of Isaiah chapters which follow, have! He can find through it Smith removed at least 47 of these things, the! Requires an understanding of God 's grace compare the feelings of inadequacy of the Patriarchs is built over the burial... Three times as his `` firstborn Truth, '' in Psalm with a of... N. Lund, `` Restoration of the future as revealed in a style similar to that by! The writings of Nephi with the prayer of Zenos to his father and for. 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