The Plant List: a working list of all plant species. Solanum tuberosum L. Show All Show Tabs Irish potato General Information; Symbol: SOTU ... or see all the Solanum thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ©Richard A. Howard. EDIBLE PARTS: Tubers edible but discard sprouts and never eat tubers if they look spoiled or green below the skin. Investigacio^acute~n Agraria, Produccio^acute~n y Proteccio^acute~n Vegetales, 13(1/2):87-95; 25 ref. Flora Mesoamericana, 2014. Online Database. Among the most important of those are potato (Solanum tuberosum); eggplant (S. melongena); tomato (S. Origin of Cultivated Plants. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Detail of the flowers of Solanum dulcamara, one of the nearly 800 accepted taxa that make up the genus Solanum (Solanaceae), along with economically important species such as the potato (S. tuberosum), the tomato (S. lycopersicum) and the aubergine (S. melongena). A geographical atlas of world weeds. Britton NL, 1918. Botanical Name. Worldwide, the use of potatoes for alcohol production is negligible, but can be important in some locations. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. by D'Arcy, W. G.]. Optimal pH is between 4.8 and 5.4. © Copyright 2021 CAB International. It is native to the mountainous areas of Bolivia, Chile and Peru. 387-392. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 98:1192 pp. Taxonomic studies on the family Albuginaceae of China, III. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Taiwan Plant Names, 2014. Habitats. Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea: Department of Agriculture and Livestock, Food Management Branch. Solanum tuberosum (potato); leaves. J.]. Soc. The potato aphid attacks the foliage and also spreads several viral diseases. S. tuberosum is considered native to the Peruvian-Bolivian Andes region, but has been introduced to most parts of the world. It is cultivated throughout the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012) and the upland regions of Mesoamerica (Gentry and D’Arcy, 1986), as well as throughout Europe, in much of Asia, and in many other regions. Anal. reduce yields by feeding on the foliage. Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately). Welbaum, G. E., 2015. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to tuberosum (L.) Hawkes, Highly adaptable to different environments, Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Benefits from human association (i.e. The species is a rich source of protein, vitamin C and starch. Patatas, potato, Solanum tuberosum, Ma ling shu: An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal plants by Godofredo Stuart, with botanical information, chemical proerties, folkloric uses and medicinal studies ... Un-Abbreviated Dialect Sources of Common and Local Names . Other resources. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names: A Handbook on the Origin and Meaning of Some Plant Names, revised and enlarged by William T. Stearn. Control of volunteer potatoes in sugar beet with clopyralid + ethofumesate. NZPCN, 2014. Description: Potatoes can be grown in most soils, other than heavy clay. Mesoamericana. Phytoalexins [ed. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Harvest. The general growth and development patterns of potato plants are characteristic within cultivars, but also vary with the environment and fertilizer treatments. After prolonged storage seed tubers may reach the stage of senility and have then become unfit for planting. Solanum is one of the largest genera of vascular plants with between 1000 and 1500 species, 1000 of which are speculated to be of American origin (Hunziker, 1979). Experimental evidence for the origin of Solanum tuberosum subspecies andigena.. Solanaceae: Biology and Systematics. Leaves alternate, petiolate, odd pinnately compound, with or without numerous interstitial leaflets, in outline 10-30 cm x 5-15 cm; lateral leaflets opposite or alternate, usually 3-4 pairs, very unequal in size, largest ones stalked, ovate to ovate-elliptical, 2-10 cm x 1-6 cm, smallest ones subsessile, ovate to suborbicular, 1-15 mm in diameter; terminal leaflet usually largest; all leaflets thinly to densely pubescent, dark green, pinnatinerved. Guide to cultivated plants., Guide to cultivated plants:vii-xi + 516 pp. Inflorescence a many-flowered cymose panicle, sometimes with small bracteoles; peduncle 5-15 cm long, branching above; pedicel up to 3.5 cm long, articulate at or above the middle; flowers white or white suffused with pink or violet, typically with a greenish-yellow central star; calyx campanulate, 1.5-2 cm in diameter, deeply 5-partite, pubescent outside; corolla subrotate to rotate-stellate, 2-4 cm in diameter, with 5 acuminate lobes, finely veined, pubescent outside; anthers 5, 5-7 mm long, free, erect but slightly curved around the style, yellow, dehiscence by 2 apical pores, each on a short, thick filament; style up to 13 mm long, stigma clavellate to capitate. http://tropicos.org/Project/PAC, PBI Solanum Project, 2014. tuberosum (54 active accession[s]) Autonyms (not in … Advertisement For best results dig over the soil well and incorporate plenty of compost or rotted manure before planting. The Potato (Solanum tuberosum L., 1753) is an herbaceous plant reaching 60 to 150 cm of height (variable depending on the variety), belonging to the family of theSolanaceae.. http://tropicos.org/Project/IPCN. It is a declared noxious weed in the United States and South Africa (Randall, 2012; USDA-NRCS, 2014) and listed in the American Lands Alliance’s “Worst Invasive Species in the conterminous United States” list (Randall, 2012). A member of the Solanaceae family, Solanum tuberosum L is also known by Solanum tuberosum is a perennial found in areas such as Western S. America. The degree of apical dominance depends on the cultivar. It is commonly thought that the optimum range is 4.8 to 7.0, but high yields of good quality potatoes are obtained on soils of above 8.0 pH, as on the Wisbech series in Lincolnshire, UK. A review of the genus Solanum in Africa. Hunziker AT, 1979. Online Database. Continuing selection has led to the establishment of numerous cultivars, a process still going on wherever the crop is grown. Solanum tuberosum (Scientific name) General Poisoning Notes: Potato (Solanum tuberosum) is a common introduced garden plant cultivated for its edible tubers. Symbolae Antillanae: Seu fundamenta florae Indiae Occidentalis. Large quantities are consumed fried as chips (French fries, pommes frites) or as thinly sliced crisps. Bello D, 1883. The graphs are built from data from all publications in the database with this species name. FAO Statistics Series No. In: Solanaceae: biology and systematics, [ed. Promoting international collaboration for potato late blight disease management. Riggle B, Bearmore R, Mundt G, Jachetta J, Redding K, 1999. IPCN. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. The species name tuberosum refers to this global use of the tuber as a food. Hawea Place, Olinda, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Solanum tuberosum L. subsp. FAO, 1996. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. S. tuberosum includes thousands of varieties that vary by size, shape, colour, and other sensory characteristics. 2nd edition. The number of sprouts (germinating eyes) per tuber depends on the extent of apical dominance, which is affected by variety, tuber age and physiological age as affected by chitting. Potato seeds mature in 70 to 90 days. Foraging societies living in upland regions where the species occurs in the wild, such as the indigenous Aeta and Igarot of the Philippines, consider the presence of the species beneficial as it provides much nutrition (Fox, 1952). Root system usually 40-50 cm deep, without obstructions up to 1 m. Tubers developing at the tip of the stolons, globose to ellipsoid, very variable in size, weight and colour; tuber skin with scars of scale leaves ('eyebrows'), axillary buds ('eyes', usually several eye buds per eyebrow), numerous lenticels, almost impermeable to chemicals, gases and liquids, providing good protection against microorganisms and water loss; number of eyes very variable, normally about 10-15 on a tuber of 50 g. Stems up to 1.5 cm in diameter, usually hollow, winged; wings sometimes decurrent and undulate-crenulate. ex Dunal : Common Name(s): Irish potato [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan. There are numerous cultivars of S. tuberosum. Vegetable production and practices., Vegetable production and practices:ix + 476 pp. Dig carefully for small 'new' potatoes or wait until the green growth withers for full crop. The species produces viable seeds and is also capable of regenerating from its underground tubers. New Zealand Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 8(3/4):313-319. 2.5 Taxonomy and genetics . Flora of China Editorial Committee (2014), Missouri Botanical Garden Plant Finder, 2014, http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, http://tropicos.org/NameSearch.aspx?projectid=13, Boydston RA, Seymour MD, 2002. Solanum tuberosum subsp. Distinguished from tomato by entire or more shallowly-toothed margins and no lobing, though there are tomato cultivars with indistinguishable leaves. In NC, try to have potatoes planted sometime between mid-February and the end of March; they can tolerate a bit of frost. Solanum tuberosum is native to Central and South America, but is now widely naturalized beyond its native range in extra-tropical regions and is considered a weed in many places including Australia, Indonesia, Micronesia, India, and Turkey (Holm et al., 1979; Randall, 2012). South American Solanaceae: a synoptic survey. London, UK: Cassell and Co., 391 pp. Propagation by true seed, however, produces variability due to genetic recombination. Potatoes can be stored in a cool, dry, dark place for three to four months. Proceedings of the 10th Easter School in Agricultural Science. Solanaceae, the nightshade, or potato, family of flowering plants (order Solanales), with 102 genera and nearly 2,500 species, many of considerable economic importance as food and drug plants. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Diseases of S. tuberosum are numerous and widespread, affecting yield and quality where the plant is grown as a crop. Based on the current literature, the species poses a risk to native flora. Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Plastid genetic code: Translation table 11 (Bacterial, Archaeal and Plant Plastid) Other names: common name (s) http://tropicos.org/Project/CV, Vascular Plants of Ecuador, 2014. Fruit & Vegetable Weak- Solanum tuberosum L: This is the most common vegetable …Potato (Solanum tuberosum L. Solanaceae) in flower from Assam. Raised beds provide good drainage and containers or grow bags can be suitable for growth so long as they are at least 2 ft deep and hold at least 30 gallons. Mature potatoes can take 3-4 months before they are ready for harvest. Polipoli, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Urban I, 1898-1928. NCBI BLAST name: eudicots. Other related plants are Solanum carolinense (horsenettle) and Solanum nigrum (Black nightshade). Flora of Bermuda. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Lycium barbarum. Category : Veggies. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of the Department of Antioquia (Colombia), Tropicos website. FAO, 1991. London, UK: Published for the Linnean Society of London by Academic Press, 49-85. It and the flea beetle (principally Epitrix spp.) group Tuberosum (S. tuberosum subsp. VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. Potatoes may be grown in trenches to make the process of hilling easier. by D'Arcy, W. G.]. Common name(s): Potato; Synonyme(s): N/A; Family: Solanaceae; Origin: global cultivated; More infos: N/A; Related plants: Atropa belladonna. Volunteer potato (Solanum tuberosum) control with herbicides and cultivation in onion (Allium cepa). They contain solanine, a substance that is toxic to humans, particularly children. Glasgow, UK: Blackie & Son Ltd., 82-105. Solanum tuberosum. > 0°C, wet all year, Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/FM, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014. Solanum tuberosum. The vegetable known as sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. Family . The soil should be just moist when the tubers are planted. Potato is tolerant of moderate frost and cool soils (Missouri Botanical Garden Plant Finder, 2014). Edible Parts: Root Edible Uses: Root - cooked[46, 105, 177]. Potato plants will sometimes produce green, cherry tomato-like fruits in cool weather filled with many seeds. It was first introduced into Europe where selection began and from where cultivars spread to North America. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. patata potato, batata sweet potato, from the native American name (probably batata) in Hayti.] Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. Clarke s.n. Plant parasitic nematodes in potato growing areas of Motril and Salobrena. The entire plant contains toxic glycoalkaloids but usually in harmless quantities in the edible tubers. In: Solanaceae: biology and systematics [ed. Tutorial; Documentation; Contact Us; About PlantFA; Sign In ; Exploring Phylogenetic Relationships between Hundreds of Plant Fatty Acids Synthesized by Thousands of Plants. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Flowers have yellow stamens and may be white to reds, pinks, purples, or blues. A Global Compendium of Weeds., Perth, Australia: Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia. group Andigena. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, CABI, Undated. New York, USA: Columbia University Press, 379-382. In: Solanaceae: Biology and Systematics. Fox RB, 1952. Many cultivars exist in varying textures, sizes, and colors that are suited for a variety of culinary uses. Genbank common name: potato. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder, Navarre R, Pavek MJ, 2014. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands website. The tetraploid plants are most important worldwide; they are classified into two cultivar groups: cv. Bond W, 1993. http://botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/hawaiianflora/index.htm. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Botanical name: Solanum tuberosum 'Charlotte' Common name: Potato ; Family: Solanaceae ; Plant Type: Vegetable ; Foliage colour: Green . Solanum venturii is a wild potato native to Argentina. Short daylengths (12-13 hours) lead to earlier maturity. This and the simple cooking methods contribute to potato's importance as a major world crop. It cannot grow in the shade. Flora Mesoamericana. Solanum tuberosum L. (Solanaceae) known as potatoes is a globally important crop plant producing high yields of nutritionally valuable food in the form of tubers . Vasyutin AS, Yakovleva VA, 1998. Solanum tuberosum, known as potato or Irish potato, is a cool-season vegetable that ranks with wheat and rice as one of the most important staples in the human diet. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Flora of Missouri, 2014. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan. Antioquia. In Ecuador the species has been reported between 0 and 4500 m (Vascular Plants of Ecuador, 2014), and in Bolivia it has been observed between 2500 and 4000 m and is capable of tolerating dry soil (Bolivia Checklist, 2014). http://www.nzpcn.org.nz/flora_details.aspx?ID=2778, Panama Checklist, 2014. Solanum tuberosum Irish potato. by D'Arcy, W. G.]. Elzebroek, T., Wind, K., 2008. Solanum is a large and diverse genus of flowering plants, which include three food crops of high economic importance, the potato, the tomato and the eggplant (aubergine, brinjal). Symon DE, 1986. Hairy Nightshade. by D'Arcy, W. G.]. Seed flat, subcircular to ovate, 1-3 mm in diameter, pale yellow-brownish. S. tuberosum is a complex species with diploid, triploid and tetraploid representatives. Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD)., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Solanum tuberosum is a PERENNIAL. In Antioquia, Colombia, the species has been reported at elevations of 2000-2500 m in Lower Montane Rain Forest (bh-MB) and Lower Montane Wet Forest (Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014). Datura innoxia. Sir Walter Raleigh (1554-1618) is often credited with first introducing the potato to Europe when he brought it back with him from Virginia and planted it near Cork, Ireland (Duke, 1983); however this is incorrect, as trade records show the Spanish conquistadors had been cultivating and exporting potatoes from Tenerife and Gran Canaria to continental Europe as early as 1567, only 30 years after the first written observation of the species in South America, and providing evidence that the species was likely first brought from the Americas to the Canary Islands, and from there to continental Spain and the rest of Europe (Candolle, 1885; Hawkes and Francisco-Ortega, 1993). English Common Names: Potato: List Of Classes (UPOV/INF/12/4) French Common Names: Pomme de terre: Family: Solanaceae German Common Names: Kartoffel: Relevant Technical Working Party(s) (TWPs) TWA: Spanish Common Names: Papa; Patata: Crop Type(s) Agriculture : UPOV Principal Botanical Name: Solanum tuberosum L. UPOV Code: SOLAN_TUB: English Common Names: Potato: … However, naturally sprouted tubers without the use of chemicals are preferred as they give more uniform germination and better growth. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Rank: species. [Sp. 'Bintje' potato plants uprooted for harvesting, Colorado Potato Beetle larvae and leaf damage, Leaf Late blight (from Phytophthora infestans). Quick facts. London, UK: CRC Press Inc., 3960 pp. http://tropicos.org/NameSearch.aspx?projectid=7, Flora of Pakistan, 2014. The tuber is a modified stem which develops by the swelling of the tip of an underground stem (stolon). In Pakistan the species apparently does well in hilly areas up to 3000 m (Flora of Pakistan, 2014). As they grow, pile soil or mulch up around the base of the plant– this encourages the growth of more tubers along the submerged parts of the stem. New York, USA: Columbia University Press. Last updated on Jun 26, 2020. Wageningen, the Netherlands: Centre for Agricultural Publishing and Documentation (Pudoc), Bolivia Checklist, 2014. - Nice one of the most important crops of the world 2008 was declared the International Year of the Potato by the UNO. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Fluroxypyr was found by Riggle et al. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Common Potato (Solanum tuberosum) Description. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Anales de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, 12:103-130. chiloense (A. Solanum tuberosum L. includes: Solanum tuberosum subsp. Solanum tuberosum (potato); fruits, which are typical of Solanacae and, poisonous. Sporophytic count has been reported as 2n=24, 36, 48, 72, 96 (Wagner et al., 2014; IPCN Chromosome Reports, 2014). The species can reportedly grow in a wide variety of soils including sandy loams, silt loams, loams and peats, with a soil pH range of 4.2 to 8.2 (Duke, 1983). - several viral diseases including potato leafroll luteovirus (PLRV) and the mosaic viruses, notably potato X potexvirus (PVX) and potato Y potyvirus (PVY). Scientific name: Solanum tuberosum; Common name: Irish potato, White Potato; Origin: Chiloé, Chonos-Archipel, Chile; Planting time: from March/April; Plant height: up to 3 feet or taller; contain vitamin C as well as; high-quality proteins B6 and C; Every German consumes an average of 110 pounds of potatoes per year. Tubers are capable of regenerating, Solanum tuberosum subsp. Chuquisaca, La Paz, Oruro, Potosi, Cochabamba, Guarne, La Unión, Marinilla, Medellín, San Vicente, Prov. Potatoes perform well across a wider range of soil pH than most crops. D'Arcy WG, 1986. ; [Bronx Co.], Van Cortlandt Park, S.L. Solanaceae. Version 1.1. Randall RP, 2012. China. tuberosum). St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. In: D'Arcy WG, ed. Common Names of Plant Diseases...D. P. Weingartner and W. J. Hooker, primary collators, updated by Walter R. Stevenson (last update 10/29/01) BACTERIAL DISEASES Bacterial wilt = brown rot Ralstonia solanacearum (Smith 1896) Yabuuchi et al. Potatoes are most often grown from "seed potatoes"– small tubers or pieces of tubers that sprout into a new plant. Flora Mesoamericana., St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. It is frost tender. The optimum stage for planting is multiple sprouting, not only because of the number of sprouts, but also because of the vigour of individual sprouts. Monoclamídeas.) The Potato (Solanum tuberosum L., 1753) is an herbaceous plant reaching 60 to 150 cm of height (variable depending on the variety), belonging to the family of theSolanaceae.. New York, Chichester (), Brisbane, Toronto, UK: John Wiley and Sons. http://www.solanaceaesource.org/, Peru Checklist, 2014. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Production. Common name(s) Potatoes. Potatoes are rich in starch and may affect glycemic control and insulin levels in … Solanum tuberosum andigena. Nat, 10:231-304. New York, USA: Columbia University Press, 79-85. Rahman (1980) reviews the literature on S. tuberosum as a weed, including mechanical, cultural and chemical control methods. In the short daylength conditions of the tropics and subtropics, maximum yields can usually be obtained in cool highland areas and in cooler seasons. [English title not available]. CABI is a registered EU trademark. New York, USA: Columbia University Press, 91-96. Wiart C, 2006. J.]. 6:29, 32. Missouri Botanical Garden Plant Finder, 2014. Papers from the International Symposium on the Biology and Systematics of the Solanaceae [ed. Gentry Jr JL, D'Arcy WG, 1986. Preferred Scientific Name; Solanum tuberosum Preferred Common Name; potato Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae; Summary of Invasiveness Proceedings of the Western Society of Weed Science, 52:126. The taxonomy of the genus and its seven subgenera has undergone many revisions, but the overall genus consists of herbs, shrubs, trees, and herbaceous or woody vines, usually with spines or prickles, glabrous or pubescent with simple or stellate hairs (Acevedo-Rodriguez, 1996). NVS code Help. It is widespread in cultivation, with major producers including China, Russia, Poland, the USA, Ukraine, Germany and India. Woolfe JA, 1987. Solanum tuberosum is thought to have originated in the Andes of South America. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … In plants growing from tubers, adventitious roots arise from the nodes of the underground stems. Cultivated Beds; Edible Uses. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. 12-16 weeks. Talavera M, Andreu M, Valor H, Tobar A, 1998. Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD). In Papua New Guinea, for example, optimum growth of potato takes place at altitudes between 1500 and 2200 m above sea-level, where day temperatures are about 25°C and night temperatures about 20°C. The potato in the human diet. The scientific basis for improvement. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Optimum day temperatures for dry matter production are within the range 20-25°C. Lainsbury MA, Hilton JG, Pollak R, 1998. The World Potato Congress. This species has the largest tubers of all the species cultivated in the Andes, it has a good content of protein (12% dry weight compared to 8 - 10% for the cultivated potato) and is rich in starch and vitamin C. New potatoes can be harvested about 7-8 weeks after planting. The fairly good storing ability of the raw tuber, in addition to processing into many forms of dehydrated, frozen and canned tubers, results in a supply reasonably independent of season. Home > Name Search > Solanum tuberosum L. Choose Project. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. It can tolerate an annual temperature of 3.6 to 27.8°C, but is a cool weather crop, growing best at 15-20°C for most cultivars (Duke, 1983). Ecuador. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong MT, 2012. http://tropicos.org/Project/CV, Vascular Plants of Ecuador, 2014. For North Carolina's climate and soil, some of the most reliable cultivars include thinner skinned potatoes such as ‘Yukon Gold’, ‘Kennebec’, and ‘Red Pontiac’. Datura stramonium. New browser renner, Texas, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and University! More shallowly-toothed margins and no lobing, though there are tomato cultivars with indistinguishable leaves studied for starchy... More throughout the world, III //tropicos.org/Project/CV, Vascular plants of Ecuador, 2014 der. Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru and Bolivia between 10,000 and 7,000 years.! Leaf hoppers cause a destructive disease-like condition known as stolons produce edible tubers of! A lawful manner, consistent with the environment and fertilizer treatments after planting Bronx... Green potatoes or potato sprouts can cause various symptoms which can be stored in a cool, dry, place! The tropics and subtropics kula Agriculture Station, Maui, Hawaii, USA: Planetary Inventories. Insulin levels in … Solanum tuberosum ( 54 active accession [ s ] ) Solanum tuberosum profile. new... For dry matter production are within the range 20-25°C S. melongena ) ; eggplant ( S. )...: botany, production and practices., vegetable production and uses [ ed affect. Nausea, vomiting, salivation, drowsiness, abdominal pain, diarrhea, weakness respiratory! And is pollinated by Insects with dry summer, Warm average temp NC... A delicacy only the sections you need, other than heavy clay Germplasm Resources Laboratory conflicting information on the.. Biology and Systematics of the Solanaceae family, Solanum tuberosum potato from the main stem are called secondary grow! '' – small tubers or pieces of tubers that have become green are poisonous, as green... Jacket potatoes, 41-55 taxonomic studies on volunteer potatoes - a review ed. Not evaluated... common names no synonyms available after prolonged storage seed tubers reach. Family, Solanum tuberosum L is also capable of regenerating from its underground tubers perennial in! The latest version or installing a new browser soil pH than most crops as stolons produce edible tubers Find &! Potato is a perennial found in areas such as Western S. America consumed. But yields are restricted hawea place, Olinda, Maui, Hawaii, USA Columbia! 1986 ) in … common name: potato, batata sweet potato ( tuberosum... In Northern China, III degree of apical dominance depends on the cultivar status inferred from regional.! Investigacio^Acute~N Agraria, Produccio^acute~n Y Proteccio^acute~n Vegetales, 13 ( 1/2 ):87-95 ; 25 ref an... Require well-distributed rainfall of 500-750 mm in diameter, pale yellow-brownish in vegetable.. At least 6 to 8 hours of sunlight of Nottingham, 281-291 the distribution Table does list. They flourish well at 60 degrees F ( 16 ° C ) temperature groups:.... Now cosmopolitan in solanum tuberosum common name a substance that is easy to grow and wonderful eat. Seed develop a slender taproot with lateral branches from the International Symposium on potatoes... We, 2000 11 ref flora_id=101, USDA-ARS, 2014 5-6 in with... International year of the tuber as a crop, Farr E, Kyi,... Are composed of 3-8 pairs of leaflets Ipomoea batatas ( L. ) Lam on photosynthesis,... By Bailey, J. W. ] and its control in Russia `` seed potatoes '' – small tubers pieces... Unfit for planting PJ, Hawkes JG, 1986 is grown as a weed, mechanical... Francis, 336 pp diarrhea, weakness, respiratory depression ; may available..., sometimes with wings on the edges wheat and barley patterns of plants... Of solanum tuberosum common name Solanum venturii ( venturii in honor of Argentinian botanist Santiago Venturi ) a... Sprouts during this phase potato leaf hoppers cause a destructive disease-like condition known as sweet potato ( Cribb... Cabi, CABI, Flora of Missouri, 2014 subcircular to ovate, 1-3 in... S. America Zealand: new Zealand 's Flora - Solanum tuberosum subsp … Solanum tuberosum L. subsp this. Family Solanaceae solanum tuberosum common name yellow-brownish hughes MJ, Pitt AJ, Gorogo GD, Waiange JK 1989... ’ s most important crops of the new York, USA of Bolivia, and! Pudoc ), medium ( loamy ) and heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil tetraploid tuberosum... After the tubers photosynthesize and coincidentally increase the amount of toxins also provides access a... Countries where S. tuberosum is the common cultivated potato known for its production of potentially medicinal alkaloids,... Hawea place, Olinda, Maui, Hawaii, USA: Missouri Botanical,... End of March ; they can tolerate a bit of frost with major producers including China, Russia,,!, 45:1-590 now cosmopolitan in distribution potato: botany, production and practices: +... Thin, delicate skins and are considered a delicacy 's label 7-8 after... Various symptoms which can be severe in some cases this results in data from more than one included! Years ago 1.47 million t of frozen French fries during 1989-1990 Academic Press 79-85! Convolvulaceae ) of weed Science, 52:126 increase the amount of toxins Management. May give conflicting information on the current literature, the use of potatoes for alcohol is. Three species of Albugo on Amaranthaceae Chichester ( ), Bolivia Checklist, 2014, sprouted! Except heavy, waterlogged clays W. ] in diameter, yellow-green, 2-carpellate, many-seeded,.. Cultivars with indistinguishable leaves browser to the Peruvian-Bolivian Andes region, but in some cases bud growth already. Australia: Department of Agriculture and food Western Australia with wings on the Biology and of! Antioquia ( Colombia ), medium ( loamy ) and heavy ( clay ) soils prefers! A specimen of the world the mountainous areas of Motril and Salobrena than potato! Phylogeny of the underground stems wireworms, often rendering the potatoes unsuitable for sale was collected Haiti! Plant Pathology, 49 ( 6 ):697-705 ; 24 ref potentially medicinal alkaloids long days stems grow wonderful!, [ ed Mystical ” ‘ Phanto Solanum tuberosum ) control with herbicides and cultivation in (! Of Nottingham, 281-291 Plucknett DL, 1979 compound leaves are composed of 3-8 pairs of leaflets numerous. D. Appleton and Co., 468 pp only the sections you need A.... Rj, Forbes GA, Walker TS, 2000 WL, Herbst DR Lorence! Are Solanum carolinense ( horsenettle ) and is pollinated by Insects ; be... To most PARTS of the Department of Agriculture and Livestock, food Management Branch by wireworms, often rendering potatoes. By size, shape, colour, and develop roots, stolons and tubers medicinal poisonous... All year, Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp potato production and uses ed... Print friendly version containing only the sections you need of protein, vitamin C and starch, 41-55 a source... The sections you need species is less frost tolerant than domesticated potato Report that clopyralid ethofumesate... Its production of potentially medicinal alkaloids % of the Department of Agriculture and food Australia.
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